Territorial Population and Employment Data Matrix (2019-based Generalised Version)

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Every two to three years



The Territorial Population and Employment Data Matrix (TPEDM) is compiled by the Planning Department (PlanD) and updated regularly in about every two to three years to tie in with the updated population projections. It provides estimated data on territorial distributions of population and employment in the future years for use as reference materials by government departments and stakeholders involved in the planning of developments and services. As one of the primary purposes of TPEDM is to serve as a basis for strategic transport modelling, the data is compiled by Planning Data Districts which have been delineated following the recommendations of Transport Department’s “Comprehensive Transport Study Model Enhancement – Feasibility Study”.

The 2019-based TPEDM was completed in 2021 by adopting the Census and Statistics Department's projections of territorial population released in September 2020 as the control totals. It includes the population and employment estimates for the base year (i.e. 2019) and the projections for two future years (i.e. 2026 and 2031). The population and employment data is broken down into 26 Planning Data Districts and further consolidated into 5 Sub-regions, as shown on Map 1 .

Largely following the methodology used in the compilation of the 2016-based TPEDM, the 2019-based TPEDM was compiled using different assumptions regarding future territorial population, employment structure, economic growth as well as the planned and latest known development proposals of relevant Government departments, quasi-government bodies and the private sector. The assumptions on future development may be subject to change. It should be noted that the 2019-based TPEDM has not yet reflected the territorial development strategy promulgated by PlanD in October 2021 in the context of “Hong Kong 2030+: Towards a Planning Strategy Transcending 2030”.


Population Coverage

The population of 2019-based TPEDM refers to land-based Hong Kong Resident Population (HKRP). HKRP comprises “Usual Residents” and “Mobile Residents”, and foreign domestic helpers are included.

“Usual Residents” refer to two categories of people: (i) Hong Kong Permanent Residents who have stayed in Hong Kong for at least 3 months during the 6 months before or for at least 3 months during the 6 months after the reference time-point, regardless of whether they are in Hong Kong or not at the reference time-point; and (ii) Hong Kong Non-permanent Residents who are in Hong Kong at the reference time-point.

For those Hong Kong Permanent Residents who are not “Usual Residents”, they are classified as “Mobile Residents” if they have stayed in Hong Kong for at least 1 month but less than 3 months during the 6 months before or for at least 1 month but less than 3 months during the 6 months after the reference time-point, regardless of whether they are in Hong Kong or not at the reference time-point.

Geographical distribution of population is generally made on the basis of place of residence. Accordingly, population of a particular area is made up of persons who live there.

Employment Coverage

Employment refers to the total number of full or part time jobs with establishments in Hong Kong. Positions taken up by working proprietors, self-employed, temporary employees as well as foreign domestic helpers are included. Jobs with establishments outside Hong Kong are excluded.

Employment is measured by the number of jobs held. Thus, a person holding more than one job will be counted separately. On the other hand, job vacancies are excluded.

Geographical distribution of employment is generally made on the basis of place of jobs. Accordingly, employment of a particular area is made up of number of jobs there.

Geographical Demarcation Systems

This version of 2019-based TPEDM presents estimates and projections of population and employment distribution at two levels of a geographical demarcation system, namely Planning Data District and Sub-region.

Planning Data District (PDD)

At the PDD level, a total of 26 PDDs are delineated (see Map 1 ). As one of the primary purposes of TPEDM is for strategic transport planning, the geographical demarcation system was drawn up mainly taking into account the accessibility of road and public transport, anticipation of changes in land use or transport network and the homogeneity of activities/predominance of one land use. The compatibility with the geographical demarcation system adopted in population censuses (i.e. Tertiary Planning Unit and Street Block) was also considered so as to facilitate the use of census results in the compilation. However, the boundaries of PDDs neither match those of the District Council Districts (which are electoral boundaries) nor those of the New Towns (which were developed by the Civil Engineering and Development Department and PlanD for new town development purposes).


The whole territory of Hong Kong can also be divided into five Sub-regions, namely Metro Area, Northwest New Territories (NWNT), Northeast New Territories (NENT), Southeast New Territories (SENT) and Southwest New Territories (SWNT). Each of the Sub-regions is formed by grouping a number of PDDs. The conversion between these five Sub-regions and 26 PDDs is given below. Reference could also be made to Map 1.

Conversion between Sub-regions and PDDs

Metro Area includes the PDDs of Hong Kong Island (i.e. Central and Western, Wan Chai, Eastern and Southern), Kowloon (i.e. Yau Ma Tei, Mong Kok, Sham Shui Po, Kowloon City, Kwun Tong and Wong Tai Sin) and New Town (i.e. Tsuen Wan, Kwai Chung[1] and Tsing Yi[1]); NWNT includes the PDDs of New Towns (i.e. Tuen Mun, Yuen Long and Tin Shui Wai) and Other Areas (i.e. NWNT(Other Area)); NENT includes the PDDs of New Towns (i.e. Sha Tin, Ma On Shan[2], Tai Po and Fanling/Sheung Shui) and Other Areas (i.e. NENT(Other Area)); SENT includes the PDDs of New Town (i.e. Tseung Kwan O) and Other Areas (i.e. SENT(Other Area)); and SWNT includes the PDDs of New Town (i.e. North Lantau) and Other Areas (i.e. SWNT(Other Area)).

[1] It is part of Tsuen Wan New Town

[2] It is part of Sha Tin New Town

The multiple file formats are available for dataset download in API.


Many detailed working assumptions are involved in compiling the 2019-based TPEDM, changes to which may yield very different results. Although the Planning Department has endeavoured to adopt the best assumptions and data sources available at the time of producing the 2019-based TPEDM, persons making reference to the data therein should decide on the applicability of the data to any specific purpose or use. The Government is not to be held liable for any consequences arising from using the data.



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